Studded Tubes are used to increase the Surface Areas to achieve higher Heat Transfer Rates. They are used in Fluidized Bed Coils and Fluidized Bed Superheaters. They are also used in Refineries as Reheaters.
We use Automatic Stud Welding Machines using Drawn Arc method capable of welding studs up to max. 13mm Dia. at a very closed pitch of 63 Stud Planes Per Mtr. (cross-linear). The Material Grade of Studs and Tubes can be similar or dissimilar of grades ranging from Carbon Steel to Alloy Steel (up to 9 Cr) to Stainless Steels. We can also give special HVOF Chromium Carbide coating on surfaces subjects to High Erosion Velocity of Flue gases to avoid frequent replacements.